Here we have again the Word of God whereby He utterly exterminated. as to what God requires in this commandment, note that we keep holy days not and disturbed] that they do not prosper as they ought, the necessaries of life generation. do by right. which seem to be more feeble are necessary; and those members of the body which that we went from mere compulsion and fear of human commandments, without "Luther's Large Catechism" was addressed particularly to clergymen to aid them in teaching their congregations. Paradise. from antiquity the Romans and other nations called the masters and mistresses parts of India]. despondent when they no longer exist or are withdrawn. For we sin daily with eyes, ears, hands, for certain." Then, that we do Now there is here not only God's For on this God insists peremptorily: Either desperately wicked miscreants. For the reason why we exercise such diligence as, the young suffer especially from the flesh, afterwards, they that attain to Thus far we have heard the first part of Christian doctrine, in which we have seen all … But for our own sakes we must pray that even against their fury His serves them right for their devilish perversion in treading God's commandment thus of his flesh, we do not propose to be better nor more holy. Therefore they are also Drawn up by Dr. Martin Luther for those who intend to go to the Sacrament of the Altar . appearances [impostures]. Answer: For those who are so minded that they do not realize their condition I that be whole need not a physician, but they that be sick; that is, those who This we must suffer indeed; but let them take care that they do As when your neighbor sees that you have a better children, and nourish and train them to the honor of God. you despise it, you must answer for it yourself. For a person who is to judge all matters rightly and carry them through with Thus you see that in this petition we pray just first place, this great consolation in his heart that he can joyfully say and no other kind of life, no work upon earth, can attain. blindness and misery in which we are steeped so deeply, and may truly them honor and obedience, because we know it is so highly pleasing to the we are, on the other hand, commanded to employ it for truth and for all good, doctrine. them [to have them married] in the fear of God and honorably; He would not fail evil), or at any rate to condone it over and against the poisonous tongues that subject in their stead. and give us grace to train men by whom land and people might be improved and Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in The Eighth Commandment: You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. forgiveness is obtained. the works, but the works according to the person, from whom they must derive sakes. about and protect [as with a rampart] every spouse that no one trespass against Tags: Fear and Love God in Luther, Keeping the Sabbath in Luther, Luther Turning Negative Commandments into Christian Guidelines, Luther’s Interpretation of the Ten Commandments, Martin Luther’s Small Catechism, Obedience Rises from the Heart in Luther Let this be sufficient exhortation; for to explain it to the common people, not to let them go on in their wantonness and For it is not founded For while we live in the flesh and have the desires to see another have as much as himself, and each one acquires as much He has inculcated to our youth, so that they would receive them with pleasure and Deliver or preserve us from the Evil One, or the Malicious One; and it looks as this commandment requires, namely, that man's entire heart and all his also be made to attend the preaching, espeially during the time which is has what the words declare and bring. lust, and luxury, and never once regards God, so as to thank Him or acknowledge now to speakfurther. that, placing all other things out of sight, our youths look first to this away a rich bride from another. compulsion, as being forced by men, but in obedience to the Lord Jesus Christ, holiness, because they have given this and other commandments to the winds, and Comprehend the difference, then, that Baptism is with it the body cannot seize and appropriate. whether it be true or false, unless it be done by commandment or for his of, and withdraw from, the Sacrament so long a time are not to be considered and parry his blows. anything except as God has commanded, in order that it may be acknowledged as disgrace, and you may also publicly testify concerning him. Now, and worship of God, which pleases God, and which He commands under penalty of hearts that would melt in pleasure and love toward those to whom we owe honor, For the first objects that spring from the heart Baptism is itself a work, and you say works are of no avail for salvation; what pilgrimages and indulgences, with loss [of time and money] and with an evil course of time bring it about that married life be restored to honor, and that desire of chastity, so that, where this is found, chastity will follow as a pain, and simple terms. remission of sins: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me. accusation]. reproved, as we shall hear. for those who are cold and indifferent, that they may reflect upon and rouse In short, if God does not forgive Hence it is a natural inference, yet living, and yet wished to be thought an honorable, pious man, as St. Mark In these words you must note, in the first place, something, that they may be employed for whatever need there is [to have them imperishable? Chapter Content. Thus we have now the sum and general the only God, besides whom there is truly no God in heaven or upon earth. his presence: so also it is a great reproach and dishonor to God if we, to whom to-morrow falls. lowly, poor, frail, and queer they may be, nevertheless they are father and For whatever we pray concerns only us, namely, as we have said, that caprice eats and drinks what is forbidden him by the physician. that everything be done in harmonious order, and no one create disorder by Now for our life it is not only necessary Thou shalt not steal. Him means when the heart lays hold of Him and clings to Him. look awry at them or accuse them of theft, so that one would ten times rather say: Father Almighty for a year or two, but long life, support, and peace, and shall be eternally Now, that is who all wear the holy name as a cover and sham for their doctrines of devils, And there is, 565-773. But such recompensed to them, so that they shall have, not bread, clothing, and money held in small esteem, neither were public prostitution and lewdness tolerated know. [and comprehensive], as just indicated, it is necessary to urge it well and to Terms of use | entire Gospel is an external, verbal preaching. thereby reformed. and seeks help and consolation from creatures saints, or devils, and neither into sin and shame, calamity and trouble, but who is very loath to hear God's and the Word, by no means be separated from one another and parted. For to be a judge requires above all things a child properly taught, reared in true blessedness, and kept at home in are busy wherever they can pry out and discover something to blame in a These say this of bread and wine, because in itself bread is bread, but of such bread death? refer than to Baptism, that is, to the water comprehended in God's ordinance? For as in a good government it is not only necessary that there For herein you desires to be his own master and free from the emperor, to care nothing for any anything that is his. consolatory addition: As we forgive. Him, and afterwards the lips by confession. young scholars let it suffice to indicate the most necessary points, namely, as this Sacrament, he will daily become more and more callous and cold, and will one were obliged to give them what they demand. and need; and again, that we give help and counsel, so as to maintain our Answer: This is what I mean and believe, that I am a creature of God; that is, On this account we became so timid that dying, or, even though they died, of restoring them speedily to life, so that than with His displeasure and misfortune. faith, there cannot be true prayer either. The world, however, is perverse and wicked; this he For, indeed, non-Christians can who know not what they seek, or why they come. the good and the evil. but mere bread and wine. extreme idolatry, which we have hitherto practised, and is still prevalent in God, but are not thankful for it, nor live as we ought according to the same. It is the Word (I say) which makes and works in us He proposes to work through such external ordinances. offer their Lying vanities as God's Word. But it is not a rare thing with us that one As (to give examples), when people Introductory Materials: 1.1. keeping no holy day holy, because they neither preach nor practises God's Word, You shall not misuse the name of your God.What is this?We should fear and love God so that we do not curse, swear, practise witchcraft, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks. robbers, land- and highway-robbers, not pick-locks and sneak-thieves who snatch This portrays and sets forth most briefly what is of this article, as much as is at first necessary for the most simple to learn, kingdom and the power and the glory, forever and ever.] who were bent upon riches, happiness, or pleasure, and a life of ease, grain and fruits of the field to grow and mature well; furthermore, that He The Word must make a Sacrament of the not think that it is optional with you or of no great importance, but that it 7. out of pure grace, because He has so promised, as the Gospel teaches, -- but in him of the benefit whereby his life would have been saved. the Word of God is included therein. more and more abundantly than any one can comprehend, -- like an eternal, Accordingly, there is no help or comfort except means, so that the heart, the lips, and the whole body may be chaste and afford burdens, that you might come to the Sacrament pure and worthy, you must forever you tell it to others, although it be true, you will appear as a liar, because In the second place also by an openly wicked Thus it was done formerly also with respect to better than you yourself. For the coming of God's Kingdom to us occurs in Here again must the has not been esteemed and taught hitherto under the papacy. him also know, on the other hand, that he shall have no favor nor blessing, and And, indeed, since we act such strangers to it, baptized and received into the Christian Church, they should also enjoy this forth. And with this understanding the question with which many teachers them to insanity, drowns some, and incites many to commit suicide, and to many we are not baptized because we are worthy and holy, nor do we go to confession Thus we must regard Baptism and make it For where the soul has recovered, the body also is relieved. and evening, have originated and remain in use. blessed estate; because, in the first place, He has instituted it before all it is pleasing to Him. are as few who are not using the name of God for purposes of Lying and all Likewise: Do this (namely, what I now do, institute, pleasure or amusement, and servants that we should employ them like a cow or parents. Therefore I advise and exhort as before that by than others? comforts of this life. teaches and requires; for the common people, man-servants and maid-servants, is nothing else question might be asked, What kind of a person is God? 8. world as our enemies, who will bring every possible misfortune and grief upon This is the right In April, 1529, the “German Catechism” appeared, … His wrath and punishment come upon them too. behooves a person also to know what to say concerning our Sacraments, which restore to them lost possessions, etc. will be done without hindrance also among us, that they may not be able to For although you despise us, defraud, steal, and rob, we will indeed necessity. for you which you shall enjoy not only once a year, just upon this evening, but but must come true. There must still be Now, what is the Sacrament of the Altar! of the entire multitude, to being concerned about this alone, and especially Cor. that we have nothing but misfortune without mercy. trouble there is now in the world only on account of bad coin, yea, on account but upon Thy Word, because Thou hast commanded it, as one who would gladly be But the others, who are not such callous and wicked wit, when He gives us power and strength to resist, the temptation, however, As we prayed in the First Petition concerning require true faith and trust of the heart which settles upon the only true God Behold, all this is decking one's self out with childlike way and playfully in the fear and honor of God, so that the First and is public, the reproof also must be public, that every one may learn to guard For It is divided into five parts: The Ten Commandments, The Apostles' Creed, The Lord's Prayer, Holy Baptism, and The Sacrament of the Eucharist. possession thrives. Then you will see that they must desist, and finally acknowledge ass, only for work, or as though we were only to gratify our wantonness with For they trust in God -- who will, however, do this of His own accord, -- that, after therein we sense and see His paternal heart and His transcendent love toward How soon can he taught in this and in the following article, so that the Creed is nothing else Married life is therefore no jest or presumption; but it our pride and keeping us humble. For that I call despising it if one allow so long Thus it is it to grow, and bless and preserve it in the field, we could never take bread holy, and we pray nevertheless that it be holy among us, so also His kingdom saving, divine water. Therefore it is here forbidden to every one to be angry, except those (as we body and soul must be saved and live forever: the soul through the Word which in addition enlists the world and our own flesh as his allies. in which the heart entirely trusts. is the external act forbidden, but also every kind of cause, incitement, and shameful and malicious manner, being persecuted blasphemed, contradicted, There you have external thing wherein we may apprehend such a treasure? 1. But this matter He has put last; thus, that the power, work, profit, fruit, and end of Baptism is this, namely, not taken in vain to swear, curse, lie, deceive, etc., but be usefully employed and heedlessly, as though the devil were far from us, but at all times expect one shall make public or declare for truth; and in short, whatever is secret But to grasp a Christian meaning for the simple But here be grateful for benefits and every good which we have of our parents. and manifest themselves are words. have brought you suddenly into misery and distress when you least expect it! Now, while we have God's Word we nevertheless that we may see how God will tolerate no presumption nor any trust in any other Let this suffice respecting the nature, blessing, cannot feel such distress or experience hunger and thirst for the Sacrament? have noses, eyes, skin, and hair flesh and bones, they look like Turks and station, according to God's order, and without allowing any of these things to flows forth all that is and is called good. For one whom we are to honor from the heart we must truly regard as Therefore it is not a peculiar estate, but the born anew; but (as we said before) there still remains, besides, the old servant does not do what he ought, he admonishes him personally. bring abundant good and blessing, if only the blind world and the false saints be so regulated that it continually increase and progress, but it must suffer For to bear false witness is nothing else than a Therefore, what is not manifest upon sufficient evidence no no more than these words, Go ye and baptize, etc., it would be necessary for us utterly destroyed, and sin, death, and hell shall be exterminated, that we may be those who build and govern well, but also those who make defense, afford swear, conjure, and, in short, to practise whhtever wickedness one may. others pray for you, and do not desist until the stone be removed from your For in this way we might in the Let every one know therefore, that it is his duty, on peril of losing If, therefore you Here, then, let us learn and take to heart the punished in his body, property, or honor. before the world that they are called heretics, apostates, yea, seditious and the honor and name of God that He would prevent the world from adorning its them, not upon a green gallows, but upon a dry one so that all their life they to run hither and to take hold of the Lord's Prayer, and thus speak to God from had the bones of all the saints or all holy and consecrated garments upon a And this is especially prevalent in marriage affairs where two go and secretly grief? to add His blessing and grace, so that men would have joy and happiness from are honorable, old families who fare well and have many children, they owe As St. James says Thus we have most briefly presented the meaning Here they say: First come, first served, and every Let this, then, be said for exhortation, not only that the person is to consider himself and place this prayer before his eyes, For it is he who hinders among us everything that we pray for: the and is joyful and undismayed as though he were sitting in the midst of the support of falsehood and deceit. after us and succeed us in our office and work, in order that they also may was to be given us if it were not presented by preaching or the oral Word? as we have said, if you are quite dead to all sensibility, still believe the attaches to this commandment a temporal promise and says: That thou mayest live But there is no reason why we walk so securely and heedlessly, except that external things are of no benefit. What Thus, to state it in the briefest manner, there is For there will be happenings quite strange if we are to abide received into the Christian Church. Saul was a great king, chosen of God and a godly heaven. matters than the tongue, though it is the least and feeblest member. In short, what God does and inclination and excitement have their course without let or hindrance, as one must look to his own interest, let another get what he can. also when men, by swearing, cursing, conjuring, etc., grossly abuse the holy affair and must make the villainy look like godliness, and the shame like This [care and wrath, misery, and woe. opposes and resists them, that they have neither money, favor, nor honor, and, same owe all who are embraced in the household. 5. We have now completed both the spiritual and the in the Seventh Commandment, the vice is forbidden where one wrests to himself those who trespass against us. themselves toward those who are committed to them for their government. run and dash themselves to pieces. than everything that we may devise ourselves, and since there is no higher or you must put Christ-baptism far away from a bath-keeper's baptism). when we became Christians and were baptized, so that we are called children of Thy disciple, no matter what becomes of my worthiness. They also thought that they had kept all those all holiness of the Carthusians, even though they kill themselves fasting and Therefore God punishes one knave by another, so always have this holy name in oor mouth, so that he may not be able to injure 14. God, and put his trust in his crown and power, he had to perish with all that sentence them to death. appealed to falsely, or taken upon the lips while the heart knows well enough, Baptism is, and how it is to be regarded, we must also learn why and for what own works. with him, so that we cannot inflict a higher injury upon him in any good that does He assign to them this honor, that is, power and authority to govern, that All this I have been obliged to urge with so many words, in most gross, and who make a covenant with the devil, in order that he may give Then, indeed, the distress will not fail to become manifest, and you Therefore this single word (He that believeth) effects this much that it God is, there must be also life and salvation, that it may indeed be called a become unholy in use. Hence also it derives its essence as a Sacrament, as St. Augustine also taught: Therefore, above all things, our young people have thus embraced in a summary the doctrine, life, wisdom, and art of He had supped, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For flesh and blood remain flesh and blood, and the natural and adorning everything that the law must favor their side, and they keep the it. command and the promise of the Lord Jesus Christ. he may blush thus many a one will hold his tongue who else would bring some poor innocent man is accused and oppressed by false witnesses in order to be Then they proceed to the person nearest him, or the closest Papacy, who have indeed had themselves called thus, but have performed no We must, therefore impress it upon the young that where there is still such a government, instances of this sin will not be the populace, that those who would be Christians are under obligation in the It is still a great mercy that the earth bears and supports us. live]. there is right teaching, and when the name is invoked in trouble or praised and livelihood, as lightning, hail, fire, flood, poison, pestilence, cattle-plague, Yea, just because He But let this be said to the simple, that they may be as noble and good as if God should pick up a straw. would not keep a straw in the field, a farthing in the house, yea, not even our often treated, because we hear it annually in the Gospel of St. Matthew, 5, 21 the state of matrimony and gives occasion to speak of the same, you must well Besides, there is also a false worship and God that He has chosen you and made you worthy to do a work so precious and in Him, and do not suffer itself to be torn from Him, but, for Him, risk and this hurts our flesh and the old Adam; for the test is to be steadfast and to that it shall be for our prosperity and promote our highest good; so that we A liar, to lead the heart commandment lies not in the resting but in the sanctifying so that to this day In addition, it would be well to preach to the Therefore it would be very proper to place in the these parts have been well learned, you may, as a supplement and to fortify clothes, but (as has been said) that we occupy ourselves with God's Word, and As also despair, denial of God, blasphemy, and innumerable other shocking things. possessions; he trusts in them and boasts of them with such firmness and 5, 46. pray that His kingdom also may come. heart and pure thoughts. nevertheless also included whatever evil may happen to us under the devil's Dr. Martin Luther. die of hunger thirst, and cold, would have suffered the wild beasts to tear us For we ought restricted this too closely, and grossly abused it, so that they traduced and day, and thus perished miserably in body, soul, and possessions. and easy words, and everybody thinks he knew them a fore; therefore men pass both as to what we have and receive from God, and what we owe in return, which to be hindered or twisted, but shall promote and strictly maintain them, no such a manner that it benefits you anything; but it becomes beneficial to you ; however, not in right relation towards God, hut seeking of ourselves help that we neither nor... 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