1. cohesion and coefficient of friction are monitored and observed and are related to the compressive strength of mortar as well as the mortar ratio. 2. According to NTC 2018 , in stone masonry buildings, the vertical structures must be suitable for supporting vertical and horizontal forces, and well-defined values of mechanical properties of mortars , and stone masonries are provided, such as compressive and shear mechanical strength, elastic and shear modulus. For ashlar work, it is specified that the length should not exceed three times its height. ... Schuller et al. very close to 1/3, consistent with the values reported in the Italian code. a scatter in the results can be observed. This, above 1 MPa to around 2.5 MPa) demonstrates that even if the mortar has been prepared on site with, a pre-mixed material supposed to have nominally cons. It consists of superimposing rocks, bricks, or precast concrete blocks to construct walls or faces. In their final configuration the elements appear as, pseudo prismatic irregular stones with a height varying between 200 and 350mm and a width of, between 100 and 150mm. The mortar for plaster should be 1:3 or 1:4. Ashlar masonry is laid with carefully-dressed stones and will look like brickwork in stone. The small number of specimens tested after 90 days. The characterization of the basic materials and different stone masonry prisms are included. The paper presents the development of a nonlinear static displacement-based methodology for seismic risk assessment and loss estimation of stone masonry building stock of Pakistan. The walls are to be cured for a minimum period of seven days, the fresh work being protected from rain and sun. Results of the experiments suggest that (a) an unreinforced masonry wall can resist more than twice the lateral force resulting in the first crack, (b) inelastic deformation capacity can be very large for walls that are cracked in both flexure and diagonal tension, (c) capacity for hysteretic energy dissipation can be large despite cracking, and (d) cyclic behavior can be represented in terms of behavior under monotonically increasing forces. These are long selected stones placed from front to back of thin walls or from outside to the interior of thick walls as shown in ##Fig. Furthermore, the value of the ratio of deformation modulus to elasticity modulus approaches to unity with increasing number of cycles. In this article, we will briefly discuss the Stone Masonry; its types and construction of different types of stone masonry (Rubble Masonry and Ashlar Masonry) used in construction. Even the thickness of, 1200x800x320 mm for vertical compression tests. Please, don’t forget to share it. Workability is the property of mortar which enables it to be spread and applied to masonry unit with ease. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Testing and Materials. Ashlar Masonry on the other hand is the form of masonry in which finely dressed stones are laid down either in lime mortar or cement. properties of stone-masonry, contains analytical tools for determining the stiffness and the distribution of forces, and for computing the resultant forces for structural stone-masonry subsystems. The need for the, identification of effective strengthening methods for this kind of buildings is evident as they are, particularly vulnerable to seismic actions. There are two international standards for this type of laboratory test, ASTM [3], and RILEM [4], which also propose possible interpretation of the results. Many are exposed to seismic risk, so that a reference Stone samples were obtained from the panels on which in situ tests had been previously carried out. The wall was cut by means of an electric circular saw after a curing time of about two and a half, months. The shear strength and the Young and shear elastic modulus were measured. These results are reported, together with an analysis of the masonry textures and sections. Figure 4 shows the test setup, and the stress-strain curve corresponding to one of the performed tests (D1). The traditional construction rules, provide a number of through stones, but in a, connection between the two layers is guaranteed only by the interaction/interlocking of adjacent, leaves. Granite and Basalt can be used. The paper also reports the experimental results of full-scale tests conducted on brickwork walls using different bonding patterns, mortar types and brick dimensions. 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